A Huge Leap Forward is possible for the bottom 2 billion people within 5 to 10 years
Two thirds of the rural population in developing countries are without electricity. This leaves limited options for lighting.
Many turn to kerosene or paraffin oil. It was estimated that 88 billion liters of kerosene are burned purely for light. One liter of kerosene is estimated to produce 3kg CO2 when burnt. On average, rural households in five Sub-Saharan countries covered in the study pay 35% more for kerosene than their urban counterparts. The price differential was most stark in Ghana, where kerosene in rural areas retailed at 170% the price in urban centers. In Kenya, kerosene in the villages costs 46% more than in pump stations in urban areas.